Black Walnut, which has the Scientific or Latin identify of Juglans Nigra, is likely one of the most admired hardwoods within the furnishings commerce nowadays, particularly in the UK. Prized for its darkish brown color by finish customers and for its energy, but excessive workability by woodworkers, it is no marvel that demand for this hardwood is at an all time excessive.
As a tree Black Walnut is native to the Jap areas of the US and Canada, its area of progress extending from Ontario to Texas and from Florida to Manitoba. It additionally grows in Europe since being launched to Europe nearly 4 hundred years in the past (1629) nonetheless the first supply of timber in Europe continues to be North America. It primarily grows alongside lowland rivers (due preferring excessive water tables) in hotter areas, the place it attains heights between 30 and 40 metres (100 to 130 toes). The bark is a darkish grey, with deep furrows, the leaves has 15-23 leaflets, flowering into catkins or clusters relying on gender.
The hardwood that Black Walnut bushes produce has a darkish colored heartwood, which has lengthy been widespread in America partly as a consequence of it being the darkest of all North American hardwoods, and as a consequence of its exception qualities. Thus it was utilized in nice numbers by the early colonists of the US of their properties. Whereas the expense now places this extravagance out of attain of the vast majority of individuals, particular person gadgets of furnishings or rooms produced from black walnut, in addition to furnishings comprised of veneers are nonetheless widespread.
Historically Black Walnut hardwood was used, amongst different makes use of, to fabricate gun shares, of which nonetheless makes use of a major proportion of the lumber harvest within the USA. These are sometimes made into profiles by timber product producers to bespoke buyer orders. Whereas different timbers are additionally used for gunstocks, Black Walnut is widespread for its numerous strengths together with elasticity and rupture strengths that are considerably larger than Persian Walnut (Scientific or Latin Identify: Juglans Regia, also called European, Frequent or English Walnut) prefinished cedar siding.
Black Walnut can be used to create coffins, particularly in America, partly due to the lure of historic figures who’ve been buried in Black Walnut coffins: Abraham Lincoln, as an illustration, was buried in a Black Walnut coffin which was coated in a woollen material in black and adorned with studs within the sample of a shamrock. A reproduction of this coffin is seen by the 1000’s of tourists to the Museum of Funeral Customs in Springfield, Illinois, a lot of whom have come for the close by tomb of Lincoln. Lincoln was not alone to be buried in Black Walnut, the relative abundance of the bushes on the time coupled with their finer woodworking qualities and darkish, reflecting the sombre temper of funerals, look meant that they had been a preferred alternative of coffin on the time – that is mirrored within the coffins of assorted different historic personalities to have been buried in Black Walnut, US president Zachary Taylor, upon reburial the frontierswoman and adopted Seneca Mary Jemison, and executed abolitionist John Brown.